An independent investigation has found police acted unlawfully by detaining a Queenstown man for a mental health assessment, but says their actions were “reasonable in the circumstances”.
The report, released today by the Independent Police Conduct Authority (IPCA), also highlights increasing pressure on police to respond to mental health incidents.
Police have accepted the findings, saying they have a “duty of care to protect life and safety”.
The IPCA report states police detained the man for a mental health assessment in October 2017, after he called Lifeline and disclosed a suicide attempt, before “abruptly” ending the call, the IPCA report states.
Lifeline contacted police, who went to the man’s address to check on his welfare.
“The man was distressed and agitated, and officers decided that it was not safe to leave him alone until he had been seen by mental health professionals,” the report reads.
Police contacted Queenstown mental health services shortly before midnight, and were referred to mental health services in Invercargill.
Police took the man to Queenstown Police Station to await the arrival of the Invercargill mental health services staff.
Invercargill mental health staff did not arrive in Queenstown until seven hours later. They assessed the man and authorised his release.
“The Authority found that police did not have legal authority to take the man into custody, or to detain him at the police station overnight.
“However police took steps to ensure the man’s immediate safety, and the delay in obtaining a mental health assessment was beyond police control.”
The report also noted that “mental health legislation appears to assume that mental health workers will be the primary responder to people in crisis, with police assisting when necessary”.
“In reality, police are often the sole responder and must deal with distressed and volatile people.”
IPCA chairman Judge Colin Doherty said “incidents such as this are commonplace, and demonstrate the real difficulties confronted by police when dealing with those experiencing a mental health crisis.
“Police often feel compelled to act unlawfully in order to protect the distressed individual and the wider public, and the Authority does not blame them for doing so.”
In a statement, police said they accepted the IPCA’s findings.
They said officers who went to the man’s house found him “distressed and agitated”.
Deciding it was not safe to leave him alone, officers took him back to the Queenstown station until he was able to be assessed by a mental health professional, the statement reads.
Queenstown Lakes Area Commander Inspector Olaf Jensen said he supported the actions of the officers involved, saying police have a “duty of care to protect life and safety”.
“Our officers were trying to protect this man and ensure his safety.”
Assistant Police Commissioner Sandra Venables sayid mental health was a complex issue and officers around the country were faced with similar situations on a daily basis.
“Police will continue to work closely with mental health crisis teams, and health facilities to provide the best possible response for those in distress.”
The police statement also noted they were awaiting the release of the findings of the government inquiry into mental health.
WHERE TO GET HELP:
1737, Need to talk? Free call or text 1737 any time for support from a trained counsellor
Lifeline – 0800 543 354 or (09) 5222 999 within Auckland
Rural Support Trust Free call 0800 787 254
Samaritans – 0800 726 666
Suicide Crisis Helpline – 0508 828 865 (0508 TAUTOKO)
What’s Up – 0800 942 8787 (for 5–18 year olds). Phone counselling is available Monday to Friday, midday–11pm and weekends, 3pm–11pm. Online chat is available 7pm–10pm daily.
Kidsline – 0800 54 37 54 (0800 kidsline) for young people up to 18 years of age. Open 24/7.
thelowdown.co.nz – or email email@example.com or free text 5626
Anxiety New Zealand – 0800 ANXIETY (0800 269 4389)
If it is an emergency or you, or someone you know, is at risk call 111.